Trianthema triquetra Rottl. ex Willd.

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Trianthema triquetra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Trianthema triquetra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Trianthema triquetra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

Trianthema triquetra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Mahenye, Ndowoyo CL.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trianthema crystallina sensu A. Peter
Trianthema glandulosum A. Peter
Trianthema sedifolia Vis.
Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate, spreading herb. Stems covered in rough prominent papillae. Leaves opposite, pairs often of unequal size, oblong-obovate, up to 1 cm long, somewhat fleshy. Flowers axillary in sessile clusters. Perianth with triangular obtuse lobes with a membranous edge. Fruit more or less flattend at the top with a thickened rim, deep purple.
Notes: The specimen in the photographs (Ballings & Wursten PB2360, 1 January 2015, BR) apparently is the first record for the Eastern Division.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In bare alluvial soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Also in Arabia, Pakistan, India, Malaysia and Australia.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 22 February 2015

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 20.

Gonçalves, M.L. (1978). Aizoaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 519 - 520.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 15.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 20.


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Other sources of information about Trianthema triquetra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Trianthema triquetra
Flora of Mozambique: Trianthema triquetra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Trianthema triquetra
African Plant Database: Trianthema triquetra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Trianthema triquetra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Trianthema triquetra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Trianthema triquetra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Trianthema triquetra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Trianthema triquetra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Trianthema triquetra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Trianthema triquetra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Trianthema triquetra
Ispot Southern Africa: Trianthema triquetra
JSTOR Plant Science: Trianthema triquetra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Trianthema triquetra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Trianthema triquetra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Trianthema triquetra
Tropicos: Trianthema triquetra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trianthema triquetra., retrieved 14 December 2017

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