Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A.Rich.

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Synonyms: Habzelia aethiopica (Dunal) A. DC.
Unona aethiopica Dunal
Uvaria aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich.
Xylopia eminii Engl.
Xylopicrum aethiopicum (Dunal) Kuntze
Common names: Many red-fingers (English)
Status: Native
Tall evergreen tree with a straight stem, sometimes buttressed. Bark grey-brown, fairly smooth; branches red-brown to blackish, with numerous and conspicuous lenticels. Leaves oblong-elliptic to ovate, 8-16.5 cm long, leathery, apex with a distinct drip-tip up to 2 cm long, bluish-green and hairless above, covered in brown appressed hairs below, net-veining prominent on both surfaces; margin entire; petiole short and thick, usually dark-coloured. Flowers solitary or in 2-5-flowered clusters, greenish-white to yellow, strongly scented. Petals linear, up to 5 cm long. Fruit of many cylindric carpels, up to 6 cm long, hairless, usually diagonally ridged, green or reddish.
Derivation of specific name: aethiopica: of Ethiopia, a historic name for large parts of Africa
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 1620 m
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to the Sudan and Uganda and South to Angola, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Page 75.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Page 136.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.


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Other sources of information about Xylopia aethiopica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Xylopia aethiopica
Flora of Mozambique: Xylopia aethiopica
Flora of Zambia: Xylopia aethiopica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Xylopia aethiopica
African Plant Database: Xylopia aethiopica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Xylopia aethiopica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Xylopia aethiopica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia aethiopica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xylopia aethiopica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xylopia aethiopica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Xylopia aethiopica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Xylopia aethiopica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia aethiopica
Ispot Southern Africa: Xylopia aethiopica
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia aethiopica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xylopia aethiopica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Xylopia aethiopica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Xylopia aethiopica
Tropicos: Xylopia aethiopica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xylopia aethiopica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123860, retrieved 21 February 2017

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