Xylopia odoratissima Welw. ex Oliv.

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Xylopia odoratissima

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Synonyms: Xylopia antunesii Engl. & Diels
Xylopicrum odoratissimum (Welw. ex Oliv.) Kuntze
Common names: Kalahari bitterwood (English) Kalahari red-fingers (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, erect or ± spreading. Bark pale to dark grey, sometimes reddish, roughly fissured; branches reddish-brown, dotted with lenticels. Leaves oblong - elliptic, 3.5-12 cm long, dull greyish-green and sparsely hairy above, sometimes somewhat glossy, paler green and more densely appressed hairy below; margin entire. Flowers solitary or 2-3 together on short stalks, greenish to yellowish, pale golden velvety, sweetly scented. Fruit of 1-8 obovoid-cylindric carpels up to 3 × 1 cm, somewhat constricted between the seeds, hairless, red when ripe.
Notes: Note: similar to X. parviflora from Southeastern Zimbabwe but the distribution of the 2 species does not overlap.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in open Brachystegia or Baikiaea woodland, usually on sandy soils or rocky ground.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1680 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, DRC (Katanga), SW Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 89.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 24.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.


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Other sources of information about Xylopia odoratissima:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Xylopia odoratissima
Flora of Caprivi: Xylopia odoratissima
Flora of Zambia: Xylopia odoratissima

External websites:

African Plant Database: Xylopia odoratissima
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Xylopia odoratissima
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia odoratissima
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xylopia odoratissima
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xylopia odoratissima
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Xylopia odoratissima
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia odoratissima
Ispot Southern Africa : Xylopia odoratissima
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia odoratissima
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xylopia odoratissima
Tropicos: Xylopia odoratissima
West African Plants database: Xylopia odoratissima


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xylopia odoratissima.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123870, retrieved 26 June 2016

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