Xylopia parviflora (A. Rich.) Benth.

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Synonyms: Xylopia antunesii var. shirensis Engl. & Diels
Xylopia holtzii Engl.
Common names: Bushveld bitterwood (English) Few red-fingers (English)
Status: Native
Tall straight-stemmed tree with a sparingly branched crown. Bark pale grey, smooth; branches reddish-brown, hairy when young. Leaves alternate, narrowly oblong to elliptic, up to 11 × 4.5 cm, thinly textured, often greyish-green, hairless above, more densely appressed hairy below. Flowers solitary or 2 together, axillary, yellow or greenish with long an narrow petals. Fruit of 1-10 cylindric to somewhat obovoid carpels, up to c. 3.5 cm long, sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds, hairless.
Notes: Note: similar to Xylopia odoratissima from Western Zimbabwe but the distribution does not overlap.
Derivation of specific name: parviflora: small-flowered
Habitat: Occurring in evergreen forest and riverine fringe forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From the Sudan, Uganda and Kenya South to Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Limpopo South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 23.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Robson, N.K.B. (1960). Annonaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 135 - 138. As Xylopia holtzii (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 40.


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Other sources of information about Xylopia parviflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Xylopia parviflora
Flora of Mozambique: Xylopia parviflora

External websites:

African Plant Database: Xylopia parviflora
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Xylopia parviflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Xylopia parviflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Xylopia parviflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Xylopia parviflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Xylopia parviflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Xylopia parviflora
Ispot Southern Africa : Xylopia parviflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Xylopia parviflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Xylopia parviflora
Tropicos: Xylopia parviflora
West African Plants database: Xylopia parviflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Xylopia parviflora.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123880, retrieved 22 October 2016

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