Artabotrys monteiroae Oliv.

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Artabotrys monteiroae

Photo: Mike Bingham
Mkushi, Moffats’ Farm, Munchiwemba dambo

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Synonyms: Artabotrys nitidus Engl.
Common names:
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub, small tree or liane. Branches dark reddish-brown to blackish; persistent flower stalks modified into woody curled hooks to aid climbing. Leaves alternate, oblong-elliptic to ovate, up to 14 Ă— 6 cm, leathery, dark- or bluish-green, glossy and hairless above, dull green with hairs along the midrib beneath, net-veining more distinct beneath, apex more or less pointed; margin entire. Flowers 1-9 together, deep yellow to cream or greenish, c. 1 cm in diameter. Fruit in a cluster of ellipsoid or cylindric carpels, up to 1.5 cm long, hairless, glossy red when ripe.
Notes: This species is very similar to Artabotrys brachypetalus and is mainly distinguished by the more pointed leaves, more distinct net-veining below, persistent flowering bracts, smaller flowers and glossy red fruits. It has a more restricted distribution in Zimbabwe, only found in the East and Southeast of the country.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Riverine fringes and evergreen forest, sometimes in woodland and thickets, often among rocks or on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1950 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species: Graphium antheus (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 12 March 2014

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 39.


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Other sources of information about Artabotrys monteiroae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Artabotrys monteiroae
Flora of Mozambique: Artabotrys monteiroae
Flora of Zambia: Artabotrys monteiroae

External websites:

African Plant Database: Artabotrys monteiroae
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Artabotrys monteiroae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Artabotrys monteiroae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Artabotrys monteiroae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Artabotrys monteiroae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Artabotrys monteiroae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Artabotrys monteiroae
Ispot Southern Africa : Artabotrys monteiroae
JSTOR Plant Science: Artabotrys monteiroae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Artabotrys monteiroae
Tropicos: Artabotrys monteiroae
West African Plants database: Artabotrys monteiroae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Artabotrys monteiroae., retrieved 26 May 2016

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