Cassytha filiformis L.

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Cassytha filiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Mutawatawa on other side of Mazowe River from Hippo Pools, Maramba CL

Cassytha filiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Mutawatawa on other side of Mazowe River from Hippo Pools, Maramba CL

Cassytha filiformis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Zambezi River channel in front of Zambezi Sans River Lodge, Zambezi National Park.

Cassytha filiformis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Zambezi River channel in front of Zambezi Sans River Lodge, Zambezi National Park.

Cassytha filiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambezi River channel in front of Zambezi Sans River Lodge, Zambezi National Park.

Cassytha filiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambezi River channel in front of Zambezi Sans River Lodge, Zambezi National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassytha guineensis Thonn. ex Schumach.
Cassytha guineensis Thonn. ex Schumach. var. livingstonii Meisn.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Parasitic twining herb with green or yellow thread-like stems up to 2 m long, often forming dense masses over vegetation. Leaves scale-like 1-2 mm long. Flowers minute greenish-white in axillary, laxly 3-10-flowerd spikes 1-6 cm long. Fruit a subglobose drupe, c. 6 × 5 mm, surrounded by the hairless receptacle, crowned by the persistent perianth.
Notes: Very similar to Cassytha pondoensis but that species can be distinguished in flower by the much shorter, cluster-like inflorescences.
Derivation of specific name: filiformis: filiform, thread-like
Habitat: Growing on shrubs, trees, grasses and reeds in grassland, woodland, at margins of forest and in vegetation along rivers and lakes.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 28 February 2016
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 20 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 80.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 115.


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Other sources of information about Cassytha filiformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cassytha filiformis
Flora of Malawi: Cassytha filiformis
Flora of Mozambique: Cassytha filiformis
Flora of Zambia: Cassytha filiformis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cassytha filiformis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cassytha filiformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cassytha filiformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cassytha filiformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cassytha filiformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cassytha filiformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cassytha filiformis
Ispot Southern Africa : Cassytha filiformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cassytha filiformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cassytha filiformis
Tropicos: Cassytha filiformis
West African Plants database: Cassytha filiformis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cassytha filiformis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=124010, retrieved 27 May 2016

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