Cleome gynandra L.

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Cleome gynandra

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road along Save river to Save-Runde confluence, Gona-rhezou National Park.

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main Zvishavane - Rutenga road

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main Zvishavane - Rutenga road

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main Zvishavane - Rutenga road

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along main Zvishavane - Rutenga road

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cleome pentaphylla L.
Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC.
Pedicellaria pentaphylla Schrank
Common names: Bangara (Shona) Nyevhe (Shona) Rudhe (Shona) Runi (Shona) Spider-wisp (English) Tsuna (Shona) Ulude (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Much-branched annual herb, covered in glandular hairs, strongly aromatic when crushed. Leaves palmate with 3-5 obovate leaflets; margins shallowly dentate. Flowers in a terminal raceme; petals white, fading pinkish; stamens purple, borne on a long stalk. Fruit a long linear capsule.
Notes: The leaves are edible and are one of the more popular wild vegetables in local tradition.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In disturbed places, along road sides and as a weed of cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa, Madagascar, Mediterranean Area, Asia, Polynesia and tropical America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 21 May 2016
Literature:

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 358. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 38.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 48. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2011). Wild flowers, Waterplants and Grasses of the Okavango Delta and Kalahari "Did You Know" nature series Struik Nature for Veronica Roodt Publications Page 33. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 44.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 205 - 207. as Gynandropsis gynandra (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 13. as Gynandropsis gynandra (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Cleome gynandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Malawi: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Mozambique: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Zambia: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cleome gynandra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cleome gynandra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cleome gynandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cleome gynandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cleome gynandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cleome gynandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cleome gynandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cleome gynandra
Ispot Southern Africa : Cleome gynandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Cleome gynandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cleome gynandra
Tropicos: Cleome gynandra
West African Plants database: Cleome gynandra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cleome gynandra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=124330, retrieved 29 June 2016

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