Cleome gynandra L.

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Cleome gynandra

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Cleome gynandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road along Save river to Save-Runde confluence, Gona-rhezou National Park.

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Synonyms: Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC.
Pedicellaria pentaphylla Schrank
Common names: Bangara (Shona) Nyevhe (Shona) Rudhe (Shona) Runi (Shona) Spider-wisp (English) Tsuna (Shona) Ulude (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Much-branched annual herb, covered in glandular hairs, strongly aromatic when crushed. Leaves palmate with 3-5 obovate leaflets; margins shallowly dentate. Flowers in a terminal raceme; petals white, fading pinkish; stamens purple, borne on a long stalk. Fruit a long linear capsule.
Notes: The leaves are edible and are one of the more popular wild vegetables in local tradition.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In disturbed places, along road sides and as a weed of cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 17 December 2007

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 358. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 48. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 44.


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Other sources of information about Cleome gynandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Mozambique: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Zambia: Cleome gynandra
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cleome gynandra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cleome gynandra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cleome gynandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cleome gynandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cleome gynandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cleome gynandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cleome gynandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cleome gynandra
Ispot Southern Africa : Cleome gynandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Cleome gynandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cleome gynandra
Tropicos: Cleome gynandra
West African Plants database: Cleome gynandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cleome gynandra., retrieved 29 April 2016

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