Cleome oxyphylla Burch.
var. oxyphylla

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Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polanisia oxyphylla (Burch.) DC.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect shrubby annual herb 30-80 cm tall. Leaves 3-7-foliolate, up to 2.5 cm long, upper leaves much smaller, subsessile and with fewer leaflets, oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, glandular hairy on both sides; petiole on the lower leaves up to 6 cm long. Flowers in a lax terminal raceme; petals rose-pink to purple, yellow near the base. Stamens 8-12, the lower 4 as long as the petals. Capsule c. 8 × 0.4 cm, glandular hairy.
Notes: Note 1: C. oxyphylla var. robusta Kers is listed for the Southern Division in the Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants (SABONET report 33, Mapaura & Timberlake, 2004) but no details are known since no specimens were found at SRGH.

Note 2: this species is somewhat similar to C. hirta but differs in the (ob)lanceolate, not linear leaflets.
Derivation of specific name: oxyphylla: with a sharp or pointed leaf
Habitat: Occurring in rocky areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe (Besna Kobila and Maleme areas in the Matobo Hills), Mpumalanga, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 February 2009

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 44. as Cleome oxyphylla

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 200 - 201. As Cleome oxyphylla


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Other sources of information about Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cleome oxyphylla
African Plant Database: Cleome oxyphylla
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cleome oxyphylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cleome oxyphylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cleome oxyphylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cleome oxyphylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cleome oxyphylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cleome oxyphylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cleome oxyphylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cleome oxyphylla
Ispot Southern Africa: Cleome oxyphylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Cleome oxyphylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cleome oxyphylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cleome oxyphylla
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cleome oxyphylla
Tropicos: Cleome oxyphylla

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla., retrieved 28 March 2017

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