Boscia albitrunca (Burch.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben.

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Boscia albitrunca

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, South Africa.

Boscia albitrunca

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, South Africa.

Boscia albitrunca

Photo: Rob Burrett
Mapungubwe Park, Limpopo Valley, South Africa.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Boscia transvaalensis Pestal.
Common names: Mudowe (Shona) Mugaragora (Shona) Mupama (Shona) Shepherd's tree (English) Tshibuyana (Ndebele) Umbombwe (Ndebele) Umhlope (Ndebele) Umtopi (Ndebele)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree with a typically whitish bark and a rounded crown. Leaves mostly clustered on hard woody spurs along the branches, oblanceolate to elliptic, grey-green; veining almost invisible. Flowers axillary in dense branched clusters, small, without petals, greenish, sweetly scented. Fruit round, c. 10 mm in diameter, hairless, yellow when ripe.
Notes: In its, normally arid habitat, it is an important food source for game and cattle, and the trees often show a distinct browse-line. Due to its high regard in many local traditions, the trees are rarely cut.
Derivation of specific name: albitrunca: white-stemmed
Habitat: In hot and dry open bushveld, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia and Namibia, south to South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pinacopteryx eriphia eriphia (Food plant)
Colotis evenina evenina (Food plant)
Colotis antevippe gavisa (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 7 September 2006

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 237.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 77. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 28 - 30. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 43.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 202.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 234 - 235.


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Other sources of information about Boscia albitrunca:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Boscia albitrunca
Flora of Caprivi: Boscia albitrunca
Flora of Mozambique: Boscia albitrunca
Flora of Zambia: Boscia albitrunca

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Boscia albitrunca
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Boscia albitrunca
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Boscia albitrunca
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Boscia albitrunca
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Boscia albitrunca
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Boscia albitrunca
Ispot Southern Africa : Boscia albitrunca
JSTOR Plant Science: Boscia albitrunca
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Boscia albitrunca
Tropicos: Boscia albitrunca
West African Plants database: Boscia albitrunca

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Boscia albitrunca., retrieved 26 October 2016

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