Thilachium africanum Lour.

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Thilachium africanum

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Thilachium africanum

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Thilachium africanum

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Thilachium africanum

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Thilachium africanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tembwahata pans, Gona-rhezou National Park.

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Synonyms: Thilachium verrucosum Klotzsch
Common names: Cucumber-bush (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves simple or 3-foliolate, elliptic to obovate, up to 10 cm long, dark green, leathery, hairless; midrib sunken above, prominent below; apex round or notched with a hair-like tip; petiole up to 6 cm long, not grooved. Flowers in axillary or terminal few-flowered heads, without petals, stamens numerous, white to cream. Fruit cylindric-oblong, up to 6 cm long, distinctly longitudinally ribbed, indehiscent
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africanum: of Africa
Habitat: In hot and dry open woodland and thickets.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 January 2009
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 238.

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 213 - 215. As Thylacium africanum (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Thilachium africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Thilachium africanum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Thilachium africanum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Thilachium africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Thilachium africanum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Thilachium africanum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Thilachium africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Thilachium africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Thilachium africanum
Ispot Southern Africa : Thilachium africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Thilachium africanum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Thilachium africanum
Tropicos: Thilachium africanum
West African Plants database: Thilachium africanum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Thilachium africanum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=124710, retrieved 28 September 2016

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