Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman

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Prunus africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Chirinda Forest camp site

Prunus africana

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Growing in nursery, Huntsman Farm, near Bulawayo

Prunus africana

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Growing in nursery, Huntsman Farm, near Bulawayo

Prunus africana

Photo: Lene Lauritsen
Growing in nursery, Huntsman Farm, near Bulawayo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Laurocerasus africana (Hook. f.) Browicz
Pygeum africanum Hook. f.
Pygeum crassifolium Hauman
Common names: African almond (English) Bitter almond (English) Muchambati (Shona) Muchati (Ndau) Red stinkwood (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large evergreen tree. Bark dark brown, rough. Leaves elliptic, 5-15 cm long, hairless, glossy dark green above, paler beneath with distinct, darker veining; margin finely toothed with 1-2 glandular dots between the teeth near the base; petiole 1-2 cm long, channelled, often reddish. Inflorescences 7-15-flowered, axillary, 3-7 cm long. Flowers white, small with 10-20 stamens. Fruit wider than long, up to 1.2 cm in diameter, red to purple-brown, very bitter.
Notes: Not listed the Red Data List (Golding, 2002) but generally under threat due to over collecting of the bark for use in traditional medicine.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In evergreen montane and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov & Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: Ghana, Nigeria, Bioko, São Tomé, Cameroun, DRC, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Southern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 8 November 2013
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 249 - 250.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 99.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 70.

Mendes, E.J. (1978). Rosaceae FZ 4 Pages 10 - 12. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 86.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, S Africa Pages 138 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 152 - 153. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 452 - 454. (Includes a picture).


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Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Prunus africana
Flora of Mozambique: Prunus africana
Flora of Zambia: Prunus africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Prunus africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Prunus africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Prunus africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Prunus africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Prunus africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Prunus africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Prunus africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Prunus africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Prunus africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Prunus africana
Tropicos: Prunus africana
West African Plants database: Prunus africana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Prunus africana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=125470, retrieved 16 September 2014

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