Acacia burkei Benth.

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Synonyms: Senegalia burkei (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Black monkey thorn (English) Mukaya (Hlengwe)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large deciduous tree. Thorns strongly hooked, blackish-brown, in pairs just below the nodes. Leaves with 3-5 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 4-10 pairs per pinna, velvety at least on the veins. Flowers in white spikes. Pods straight, flat with conspicuous veins, 8-12 cm long, apiculate, blackish-brown, dehiscent.
Notes: Note: This species can be confused with A. goetzei, A. welwitschii and A. nigrescens. It can be distinguished from the latter by the more numerous pinnae and leaflets, which are always narrower and smaller than in A. nigrescens. Although knobbly prickles may develop on the bark of A. burkei, these are never as large and numerous as with A. nigrescens.
Derivation of specific name: burkei: named after Botanist and collector Joseph Burke (1812 - 1873), who collected the type in northern South Africa.
Habitat: On sandy soils in hot and dry deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From KwaZulu-Natal and Swaziland to Mozambique and SE Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 31 July 2007
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 76.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 240.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 40 - 41. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acacia burkei:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia burkei
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia burkei

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acacia burkei
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia burkei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia burkei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia burkei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia burkei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia burkei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia burkei
Ispot Southern Africa : Acacia burkei
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia burkei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia burkei
Tropicos: Acacia burkei
West African Plants database: Acacia burkei


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia burkei.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=125810, retrieved 6 December 2016

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