kraussiana Images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record
Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam RP
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Acacia benthamii Rochebr.
Description: Small to medium-sized tree. Bark dark brown to almost black, deeply fissured in older specimens. Thorns in pairs, straight, often typically pointing backwards. Leaves compound with 4-8 pinnae. Flowers in spherical heads on the new growth, yellow. Pods distinctive, constricted between the seeds, green when young, turning black when ripe, indehiscent. Old pods often still on the tree when the new pods appear.
Notes: This species is similar to
Acacia karroo. It can easily be distinguished by the distinctive pods. When no pods are present, the slightly deflexed thorns and the small, closely spaced leaflets may aid identification.
Derivation of specific name:
nilotica: from the valley of the Nile
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, often as a pioneer in disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Up to 1500 m
Flowering time: Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: (this subsp.) Angola, Botswana, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: (Food plant) Charaxes zoolina zoolina
Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 11 February 2006
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Other sources of information about Acacia nilotica: Our websites: Flora of Mozambique
Acacia nilotica Flora of Zambia
Acacia nilotica External websites: African Plant Database
Acacia nilotica Biodiversity Explorer
(Biodiversity of southern Africa):
Acacia nilotica EOL
(Encyclopedia of Life):
Acacia nilotica ePIC
(electronic Plant Information Center):
Acacia nilotica Flora Zambesiaca
Acacia nilotica Google
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for
Acacia nilotica IPNI
(International Plant Names Index):
Acacia nilotica Ispot Southern Africa
Acacia nilotica JSTOR Plant Science
Acacia nilotica Kew Herbarium catalogue
Acacia nilotica Tropicos
Acacia nilotica West African Plants database
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126080, retrieved 25 July 2014
Site software last modified: 24 January 2014 10:26pm (GMT +2)