Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
subsp. kraussiana (Vatke) Brenan

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Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam RP

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Synonyms: Acacia benthamii Rochebr.
Common names: Isanqawe (Ndebele) Mubayamhondoro (Shona) Muhunga (Shona) Muzunga (Shona) Scented-thorn (English) Umlaladwayi (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Bark dark brown to almost black, deeply fissured in older specimens. Thorns in pairs, straight, often typically pointing backwards. Leaves compound with 4-8 pinnae. Flowers in spherical heads on the new growth, yellow. Pods distinctive, constricted between the seeds, green when young, turning black when ripe, indehiscent. Old pods often still on the tree when the new pods appear.
Notes: This species is similar to Acacia karroo. It can easily be distinguished by the distinctive pods. When no pods are present, the slightly deflexed thorns and the small, closely spaced leaflets may aid identification.
Derivation of specific name: nilotica: from the valley of the Nile
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, often as a pioneer in disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: (this subsp.) Angola, Botswana, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes zoolina zoolina (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 11 February 2006

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae FZ 3(1) Pages 96 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 170 - 171. as Acacia nilotica (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 12. as Acacia benthamii

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 94 - 97. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
Flora of Zambia: Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acacia nilotica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia nilotica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia nilotica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia nilotica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia nilotica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia nilotica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia nilotica
Ispot Southern Africa : Acacia nilotica
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia nilotica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia nilotica
Tropicos: Acacia nilotica
West African Plants database: Acacia nilotica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana., retrieved 29 March 2015

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