Acacia polyacantha Willd.
subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan

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Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha

Photo: Petra Ballings
Gardiner Farm, nr Arcturus

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acacia caffra sensu Eyles
Acacia campylacantha A. Rich.
Acacia pallens sensu Steedman
Acacia suma sensu Eyles
Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger subsp. campylacantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Common names: Chikwiku (Shona) Chiungadzi (Shona) Kovakova (Shona) Mugone (Shona) Mukwakwa (Shona) Munanga (Shona) White thorn (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized to large semi-deciduous tree with a typically layered crown. The bark is pale to dark yellowish-brown, pealing to show whitish inner layers. The thorns are hooked, often persisting on the larger branches and the trunk (see photo top right). The leaf petioles have an oblong flattened gland near the base. Inflorescences axillary, elongated spikes of creamy white flowers. Fruit flat and thin but not papery, splitting while still on the tree.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: polyacantha: with many spines
Habitat: In wooded grassland and woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1560 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Axiocerses tjoane tjoane (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 14 August 2006
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 17.

Bingham, M.G. (2012). Acacia Polyacantha Willd. subsp. campylacantha (A. Rich) Brenan Black Lechwe 18(3) Pages 22 - 24. (Includes a picture).

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae FZ 3(1) Pages 70 - 72. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 183. as Acacia polyacantha (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 50 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 14. as Acacia pallens (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 102 - 105. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Flora of Malawi: Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Flora of Zambia: Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acacia polyacantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia polyacantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia polyacantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia polyacantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia polyacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia polyacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia polyacantha
Ispot Southern Africa : Acacia polyacantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia polyacantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia polyacantha
Tropicos: Acacia polyacantha
West African Plants database: Acacia polyacantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126120, retrieved 28 May 2015

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