Acacia robusta Burch.
subsp. clavigera (E. Mey.) Brenan

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (15)

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the viewing platform, Masuma Dam, Hwange NP

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Main Road to Vundu Camp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acacia clavigera E. Mey.
Common names: Splendid thorn (English) Umgamanzi (Ndebele) Umhlabunga (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tall near-evergreen tree. Thorns straight and short, c. 1 cm, in pairs at the nodes. Leaves with 3-7 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 10-25 pairs per pinna, small, dark green, paler below. Flowers in axillary clusters of white spherical heads. Pods slightly sickle-shaped, thickened but not woody, dehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: robusta: robust or strong, referring to the hard wood;
clavigera: key-bearing, presumably referring to the pods
Habitat: In low altitude riverine fringes and other areas near water.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From KwaZulu-Natal to southern Mozambique, Malawi, southern Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 4 December 2011
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 103 - 104.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 296.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 184. as Acacia robusta

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 62.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 55.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 60.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 108 - 110. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 498 - 499. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera
Flora of Zambia: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acacia robusta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia robusta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia robusta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia robusta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia robusta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia robusta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia robusta
Ispot Southern Africa : Acacia robusta
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia robusta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia robusta
Tropicos: Acacia robusta
West African Plants database: Acacia robusta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia robusta subsp. clavigera.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126150, retrieved 29 July 2016

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