Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
subsp. heteracantha (Burch.) Brenan

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Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs

Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Hwange NP to main Vic Falls / Bulawayo Rd, Matetsi Safari Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acacia heteracantha Burch.
Acacia litakunensis Burch.
Common names: Ingoka (Ndebele) Isanqawe (Ndebele) Umbrella thorn (English) Umlaladwayi (Ndebele) Umsasane (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
This species is easily distinguished from other Acacias by the coiled pods and the presence of both long straight thorns and short hooked thorns. Subsp. heteracantha is normally a shrub or small to medium sized tree. It is a smaller, more shrubby tree than subsp. spirocarpa, which has less tightly coiled pods and has more pubescent pods and young branches.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring on disturbed or overgrazed ground.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 5 August 2009
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 102.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 214.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 176 - 179. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 60.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 128 - 130. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 210.


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Other sources of information about Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha
Flora of Caprivi: Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acacia tortilis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acacia tortilis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia tortilis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acacia tortilis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acacia tortilis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acacia tortilis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia tortilis
Ispot Southern Africa : Acacia tortilis
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia tortilis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acacia tortilis
Tropicos: Acacia tortilis
West African Plants database: Acacia tortilis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126230, retrieved 28 July 2016

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