Mimosa pigra L.

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Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambezi River, Zambezi National Park

Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambezi River, Zambezi National Park

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Synonyms: Mimosa asperata L.
Mimosa pellita sensu Brenan
Common names: Giant sensitive plant (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the Zambezi valley
Status: Introduced
Description:
Shrub, sometimes scrambling. Stems and branches armed with short, broad, slightly curved thorns. Leaves sensitive, twice compound with 6-14 pairs of pinnae with a slender spine on the rhachis between each pair. Flowers in subspherical heads, c. 1 cm in diameter, in the upper leaf axils, mauve or pink. Pods in clusters, covered in golden-brown, bristly hairs.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On sandbanks and alluvial soils near rivers, lakes floodplains and swamps.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Native to tropical America (Mexico and Cuba to N Peru and NE Argentina) and now a pantropical invasive species.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 24 May 2006
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 48 - 49. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 186 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 119. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 75. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 69.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 210.


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Other sources of information about Mimosa pigra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Mimosa pigra
Flora of Caprivi: Mimosa pigra
Flora of Malawi: Mimosa pigra
Flora of Mozambique: Mimosa pigra
Flora of Zambia: Mimosa pigra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Mimosa pigra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Mimosa pigra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mimosa pigra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Mimosa pigra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Mimosa pigra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Mimosa pigra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mimosa pigra
Ispot Southern Africa : Mimosa pigra
JSTOR Plant Science: Mimosa pigra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Mimosa pigra
Tropicos: Mimosa pigra
West African Plants database: Mimosa pigra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mimosa pigra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126290, retrieved 2 July 2016

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