Mimosa pigra L.

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Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no4, Gorongosa National Park

Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

Mimosa pigra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo House, Gorongosa National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Mimosa asperata L.
Mimosa pellita sensu Brenan
Common names: Giant sensitive plant (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the Zambezi valley
Status: Introduced
Description:
Shrub, sometimes scrambling. Stems and branches armed with short, broad, slightly curved thorns. Leaves sensitive, twice compound with 6-14 pairs of pinnae with a slender spine on the rhachis between each pair. Flowers in subspherical heads, c. 1 cm in diameter, in the upper leaf axils, mauve or pink. Pods in clusters, covered in golden-brown, bristly hairs.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On sandbanks and alluvial soils near rivers, lakes floodplains and swamps.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Native to tropical America (Mexico and Cuba to N Peru and NE Argentina) and now a pantropical invasive species.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 24 May 2006
Literature:

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, S Africa. Page 119. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 75. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Mimosa pigra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Mimosa pigra
Flora of Zambia: Mimosa pigra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Mimosa pigra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Mimosa pigra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mimosa pigra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Mimosa pigra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Mimosa pigra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Mimosa pigra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mimosa pigra
Ispot Southern Africa : Mimosa pigra
JSTOR Plant Science: Mimosa pigra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Mimosa pigra
Tropicos: Mimosa pigra
West African Plants database: Mimosa pigra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Mimosa pigra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126290, retrieved 2 September 2014

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