Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Skeels

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Elephantorrhiza elephantina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. bridge

Elephantorrhiza elephantina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Odzani R. Bridge

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Synonyms: Elephantorrhiza burchellii Benth.
Common names: Chizezepasi (Shona) Elephant-root (English) Intolwane encinyane (Ndebele)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Low growing suffrutex, arising from a massive underground tuberous root. The branched root system often forms extensive colonies of visible plants. Annual stems up to 60 cm. Leaves compound with an increasing number of pinnae higher on the stem. Flowers in catkin-like racemes produced straight from the ground, creamy-yellow,turning brown with age. Pods up to 22 cm, flat, woody, the persistent margins remaining after the seeds have fallen.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland and open Acacia-Combretum scrub.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 1520 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, South Africa and Swaziland
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 11 February 2006

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 27 - 28.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 53, plate 78

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 65.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 210.


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Other sources of information about Elephantorrhiza elephantina:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Flora of Caprivi: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Flora of Mozambique: Elephantorrhiza elephantina

External websites:

African Plant Database: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elephantorrhiza elephantina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elephantorrhiza elephantina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Elephantorrhiza elephantina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Ispot Southern Africa : Elephantorrhiza elephantina
JSTOR Plant Science: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
Tropicos: Elephantorrhiza elephantina
West African Plants database: Elephantorrhiza elephantina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elephantorrhiza elephantina.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126450, retrieved 24 May 2016

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