Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa Schinz

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Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten

Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Common names: Chidzimamuriro (Shona) Muguruzwuzwu (Shona) Skew-leaved Elephant Root (English)
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub, rarely a small multi-stemmed tree, 1-4 m tall. Leaves very finely bipinnate with up to 31 pairs of pinnae, each with up to 50 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets very small, up to 5 mm long, very asymmetric with midrib running along the inner edge of the leaflet. Flowers in dense axillary spikes, normally appearing with the new leaves, creamy yellow. Pod flattened, up to 28 cm long, reddish-brown, raised over the seeds, breaking away from the persistent margins.
Derivation of specific name: suffruticosa: a suffrutex, shrubby plant, woody at the base, regrowing annually from a strong perennial underground base.
Habitat: Occurring in open wooded grassland, often in association with Acacia spp.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 22 January 2009

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 26 - 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.


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Other sources of information about Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa:

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Flora of Mozambique: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Tropicos: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
West African Plants database: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126480, retrieved 27 October 2016

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