Cassia afrofistula Brenan
var. patentipila Brenan

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Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Sofala, Mozambique.

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Sofala, Mozambique.

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Sofala, Mozambique.

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Sofala, Mozambique.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African-pipe Cassia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves paripinnate without any glands on the rhachis or petiole; leaflets in 4-9 pairs, hairless, ovate-elliptic, tapering. Flowers in showy, erect pyramidal panicles, bright yellow. Fruit a brittle, blackish-brown pod, up to 60 cm long, tapering at both ends.
Notes: Only one plant is known from the Mahenye area in the Save Lowveld. This habitat is threatened by cultivation. Note: It may also occur in the Chewore Safari Area on the Zambezi (Trees of Southern Africa, Coates Palgrave, p 340, 2002).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Normally occurring in bush on coastal sand dunes but also known from sandy islands in the Save and Zambezi(?) rivers.
Altitude range: (metres) 240 m (approx)
Flowering time:Any time of the year
Worldwide distribution: From East Africa southwards to Limpopo and Mpumalanga
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Critically Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 January 2009
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 169 - 171. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cassia afrofistula
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cassia afrofistula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cassia afrofistula
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cassia afrofistula
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cassia afrofistula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cassia afrofistula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cassia afrofistula
Ispot Southern Africa : Cassia afrofistula
JSTOR Plant Science: Cassia afrofistula
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cassia afrofistula
Tropicos: Cassia afrofistula
West African Plants database: Cassia afrofistula


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126880, retrieved 9 December 2016

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