Senna italica Mill.
subsp. arachoides (Burch.) Lock

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Senna italica subsp. arachoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

Senna italica subsp. arachoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

Senna italica subsp. arachoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By rd from Tuli to Hwali River bridge

Senna italica subsp. arachoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Birchenough Bridge-Masvingo Rd to Lake Kyle Recreational Park entrance gate

Senna italica subsp. arachoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Birchenough Bridge-Masvingo Rd to Lake Kyle Recreational Park entrance gate

Senna italica subsp. arachoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Birchenough Bridge-Masvingo Rd to Lake Kyle Recreational Park entrance gate

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cassia arachoides Burch.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Prostrate or ascending perennial herb or small shrub, up to 60 cm high, growing from a woody base. Leaves paripinnate with 4-8 pairs of leaflets and a small reddish gland between each leaflet pair on the rhachis; leaflets obovate with a somewhat asymmetric base, up to 3.5 × 2 cm, the ultimate pair largest, slightly pubescent or hairless above, more densely hairy on the margin and midrib below; apex often mucronate. Inflorescences axillary, many-flowered, 7-26 cm long. Flowers yellow to orange. Pod often somewhat curved, flat with distinct raised crests over the seeds, dehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: italica: of Italy
Habitat: In rocky and gravelly soils in dry open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: (This subspecies) Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Catopsilia florella (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 25 January 2013
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 156 - 157.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212. as Cassia italica

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 185. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 72.


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Other sources of information about Senna italica subsp. arachoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Senna italica subsp. arachoides
Flora of Mozambique: Senna italica subsp. arachoides

External websites:

African Plant Database: Senna italica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Senna italica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Senna italica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Senna italica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Senna italica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Senna italica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Senna italica
Ispot Southern Africa : Senna italica
JSTOR Plant Science: Senna italica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Senna italica
Tropicos: Senna italica
West African Plants database: Senna italica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Senna italica subsp. arachoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127070, retrieved 26 June 2016

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