Parkinsonia aculeata L.

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Parkinsonia aculeata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam Campsite, Matobo National Park

Parkinsonia aculeata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam Campsite, Matobo National Park

Parkinsonia aculeata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Parkinsonia aculeata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Parkinsonia aculeata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

Parkinsonia aculeata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Khami Ruins

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Jerusalem thorn (English) Paloverde (English)
Frequency: Uncommon as a naturalised escape in western Zimbabwe.
Status: Introduced
Description:
Shrub or small tree, armed with short straight spines. Leaves bipinnate with 1-3 pairs of flattened, winged pinnae, up to 40 cm. Pinnae set close together and appearing as a cluster of separate pinnate leaves borne on a spine. Leaflets up to 80 but often absent, oblong to oblanceolate, c. 6 × 2 mm. Flowers in lax racemes, yellow. Pod pale greyish-brown, 3-15 cm, linear, hairless, constricted between the seeds.
Notes: Introduced as an ornamental hedge plant and known as a naturalised escape (the specimens in the photos appear well naturalised). It is a declared weed in S Africa.
Derivation of specific name: aculeata: prickly
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of tropical and subtropical America; naturalised elsewhere.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 14 January 2007
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 200 - 201.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 70.


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Other sources of information about Parkinsonia aculeata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Parkinsonia aculeata
Flora of Mozambique: Parkinsonia aculeata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Parkinsonia aculeata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Parkinsonia aculeata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Parkinsonia aculeata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Parkinsonia aculeata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Parkinsonia aculeata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Parkinsonia aculeata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Parkinsonia aculeata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Parkinsonia aculeata
Ispot Southern Africa : Parkinsonia aculeata
JSTOR Plant Science: Parkinsonia aculeata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Parkinsonia aculeata
Tropicos: Parkinsonia aculeata
West African Plants database: Parkinsonia aculeata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Parkinsonia aculeata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127180, retrieved 26 August 2016

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