Crotalaria juncea L.

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Crotalaria juncea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common

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Synonyms:
Common names: Sunnhemp (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Introduced
Description:
Erect annual herb, sparsely branched, up to 1.5 m. Leaves simple, oblong-lanceolate, up to 15 cm, with finely appressed hairs, most conspicuous on the under surface. Inflorescences in racemes. Flowers bright yellow. Pods cylindric, 3-5.5 cm, covered in velvety hairs, 6-12-seeded.
Notes: Introduced as green manure and for fibre and frequently naturalised, especially as a roadside casual.
Derivation of specific name: juncea: Juncus- or rush-like
Habitat: Roadsides and other disturbed places
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of India
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 218.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 165 - 166.


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Other sources of information about Crotalaria juncea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Crotalaria juncea
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria juncea
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria juncea
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crotalaria juncea

External websites:

African Plant Database: Crotalaria juncea
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crotalaria juncea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria juncea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crotalaria juncea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crotalaria juncea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Crotalaria juncea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria juncea
Ispot Southern Africa : Crotalaria juncea
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria juncea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crotalaria juncea
Tropicos: Crotalaria juncea
West African Plants database: Crotalaria juncea


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crotalaria juncea.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127890, retrieved 26 July 2016

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