Indigofera hilaris Eckl. & Zeyh.

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Indigofera hilaris

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd before Bunga Forest

Indigofera hilaris

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd before Bunga Forest

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Synonyms: Anila hilaris (Eckl. & Zeyh.) O. Kuntze
Indigofera hirta E. Mey.
Indigofera leipzigiae Bremek.
Common names: Gay indigofera (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, dying back in winter, with stiffly erect or decumbent, ribbed stems, up to 40 cm tall, growing from a thick woody rootstock. Leaves pinnate mostly with 3-7 leaflets, upper leaves sometimes with more, basal leaves reduced, becoming scale-like; leaflets often folded; stipules 2-9 mm long, linear, stiffly erect. Inflorescences densely-flowered racemes 1.5-5 cm long, mostly appearing after fire. Flowers 7-8 mm long, bright pink to carmine. Pod 10-30 mm long, cylindric, straight, with whitish, reddish or brown appressed short hairs, shortly beaked with the persistent style base.
Notes: It is one of the most spectacular displays on the bare, blackened soil after a fire, when it blooms in large numbers before the leaves develop.
Derivation of specific name: hilaris: gay or cheerful, probably referring to the bright, colourful display of the flowers
Habitat: In open grassland on granite sands, often on rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Lesotho and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, North-West, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 18 July 2016
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 93. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 163. as Indigofera hilaris microscypha

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21. As Indigofera hilaris hilaris

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 69.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 221.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 58, plate 83

Schrire, B.D. (2012). Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) Pages 218 - 219.


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Other sources of information about Indigofera hilaris:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Indigofera hilaris
Flora of Mozambique: Indigofera hilaris

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Indigofera hilaris
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Indigofera hilaris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Indigofera hilaris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Indigofera hilaris
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Indigofera hilaris
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Indigofera hilaris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Indigofera hilaris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Indigofera hilaris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Indigofera hilaris
Ispot Southern Africa: Indigofera hilaris
JSTOR Plant Science: Indigofera hilaris
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Indigofera hilaris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Indigofera hilaris
The Plant List (version 1.1): Indigofera hilaris
Tropicos: Indigofera hilaris


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Indigofera hilaris.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=128980, retrieved 26 September 2017

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