Indigofera tinctoria L.
var. arcuata J.B. Gillett

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Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Mubvee (Hippo) Lodge, Mana Pools

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near lodges, Mana Pools NP

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near lodges, Mana Pools NP

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near lodges, Mana Pools NP

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near lodges, Mana Pools NP

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near lodges, Mana Pools NP

Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near lodges, Mana Pools NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Indigofera suffruticosa sensu Conçalves non Mill.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally abundant
Status: Native
Description:
Small shrub, usually up to c. 1 m tall. Stems and branches slightly angular. Leaves imparipinnate with 5-7 pairs of leaflets; leafltes 14-20 mm long, sparsely hairy on both surfaces. Inflorescences axillary. Flowers reddish-pink and yellowish-green, with brownish hairs on the back of the standard. Pods strongly sickle-shaped, up to c. 20 mm long, hairy.
Notes: The species is said to have become increasingly abundant in the alluvial plains of the Mana Pools National Park. There is considerable debate on the reasons for this increase and whether it is causing any ecological damage to the area's biodiversity.
Derivation of specific name: tinctoria: used as a dye. Soaking and fermenting the leaves of this species has already since ancient times been used to produce indigo dye, a distinctive blue-violet colouring. Nowadays these dyes are mostly produced synthetically.
Habitat: In seasonally flooded woodland and mopane woodland, on Kalahari sands or clay, on riverbanks, cultivated areas and roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:(Jan-)Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: (this variety): Angola, Ghana, Tanzania, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Var. tinctoria is widespread in Africa, Madagascar, Asia, Australasia and South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 3 December 2011
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 222.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 245.

Gillett, J.B., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (1971). Leguminosae (Part 3) subfamily Papilionoideae (1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 308.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Schrire, B.D. (1998). Notes relating to the genus Indigofera (Fabaceae) for Flora Zambesiaca: 2. Section Indigofera Kew Bulletin 53(3) Page 667.

Schrire, B.D. (2012). Papilionoideae-Indigofereae Flora Zambesiaca 3(4) Pages 133 - 136. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 68.


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Other sources of information about Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata
Flora of Malawi: Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata
Flora of Mozambique: Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata
Flora of Zambia: Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Indigofera tinctoria
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Indigofera tinctoria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Indigofera tinctoria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Indigofera tinctoria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Indigofera tinctoria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Indigofera tinctoria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Indigofera tinctoria
Ispot Southern Africa : Indigofera tinctoria
JSTOR Plant Science: Indigofera tinctoria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Indigofera tinctoria
Tropicos: Indigofera tinctoria
West African Plants database: Indigofera tinctoria


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=129370, retrieved 24 July 2016

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