Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alston

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Stylosanthes fruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, nr main rd

Stylosanthes fruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, nr main rd

Stylosanthes fruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the lower lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Stylosanthes fruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near the lower lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Arachis fruticosa Retz.
Stylosanthes mucronata Willd.
Common names: Wild lucerne (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Small shrubby perennial herb, sometimes only short-lived. Stems erect or sometimes prostrate, up to 1 m long, more or less densely hairy and sometimes bristly, growing from a thick woody rootstock. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, up to 3.3 cm long, pubescent and bristly; margin entire, often thickened. Flowers in dense axillary and terminal heads, normally one flower open at the time; standard creamy-white to orange-yellow with red veining and red at the base; wings and keel yellow. Pod 1-2-jointed, 4-9 mm long, beaked, dense.
Derivation of specific name: fruticosa: shrubby or becoming shrubby
Habitat: In mopane, Acacia or miombo woodland and wooded grassland, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1470 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia, Bostwana, and South Africa. Also in Madagascar, Arabia, India and Sri Lanka.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 11 October 2008

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 187. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 268 - 269. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 144 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae FZ 3(6) Pages 166 - 168. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Stylosanthes fruticosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Flora of Zambia: Stylosanthes fruticosa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Stylosanthes fruticosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stylosanthes fruticosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Stylosanthes fruticosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Stylosanthes fruticosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stylosanthes fruticosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Stylosanthes fruticosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Stylosanthes fruticosa
Tropicos: Stylosanthes fruticosa
West African Plants database: Stylosanthes fruticosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Stylosanthes fruticosa., retrieved 22 November 2014

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