Desmodium uncinatum (Jacq.) DC.

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Desmodium uncinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Desmodium uncinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Desmodium uncinatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms:
Common names: Silverleaf (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Introduced
Description:
Prostrate or sprawling perennial, Stems, leaves (and articles) covered in dense hooked hairs readily adhering to clothing. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets ovate, acute to acuminate at apex, with a broad whitish marking centred on the main vein on the upper surface; petiole 1-5 cm; rhachis 0.5-1.5 cm. Inflorescences mostly terminal, 10-40 cm. Standard purple, fading to blue-green. Fruits constricted between the 3-8 articles; articles 3-7 × 3-4 mm.
Notes: Almost all parts of the plant bear hooked hairs and will readily adhere to clothing.
Derivation of specific name: uncinatum: hooked
Habitat: Widely introduced into the tropics as a pasture legume and is now often found as an invasive escape along roadsides, at the edges of woodland or riverine vegetation and even in built-up areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 1630 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 1 January 2007
Literature:

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 98.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Page 10.


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Other sources of information about Desmodium uncinatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Desmodium uncinatum
Flora of Mozambique: Desmodium uncinatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Desmodium uncinatum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Desmodium uncinatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Desmodium uncinatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Desmodium uncinatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Desmodium uncinatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Desmodium uncinatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Desmodium uncinatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Desmodium uncinatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Desmodium uncinatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Desmodium uncinatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Desmodium uncinatum
Tropicos: Desmodium uncinatum
West African Plants database: Desmodium uncinatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Desmodium uncinatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130910, retrieved 1 October 2016

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