Pterocarpus angolensis DC.

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Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Altar Site, Mutare

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Gardiner, Arcturus

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Synonyms: Pterocarpus erinaceus sensu auct.
Common names: Bloodwood (English) Mubvamakovo (Shona) Mubvamaropa (Shona) Mubvinziropa (Shona) Mukambira (Shona) Mukonambiti (Shona) Mukurambira (Shona) Mukwa (English) Mukwa (Shona) Mukwirambira (Shona) Mushambaropa (Shona) Umvagazi (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Medium to large deciduous tree. Bark dark grey to brown, rough and fissured. Leaves imparipinnate with 5-9 pairs of alternate to subopposite leaflets; leaflets elliptic-lanceolate to obovate, 2.5-7 cm, dark green above, paler below, hairy when young; apex tapering to a bristle-like tip. Flowers in large, branched sprays, orange-yellow, appearing before the leaves. Fruit a very distinctive circular pod, covered in long bristles over the seed case and surrounded by a large membranous wing.
Notes: Trees are sought after for the durable hardwood, called mukwa, and large specimens are becoming rare.
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: On well drained soils in grassland and woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 840 - 1620 m
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: D.R. Congo, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Angola
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 28 July 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 167. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 329 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 238 - 239. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 246.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 146 - 149. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 71.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 26. as Pterocarpus erinaceus

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.


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Other sources of information about Pterocarpus angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Caprivi: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Malawi: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Mozambique: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Zambia: Pterocarpus angolensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Pterocarpus angolensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pterocarpus angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pterocarpus angolensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pterocarpus angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Pterocarpus angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pterocarpus angolensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Pterocarpus angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Pterocarpus angolensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pterocarpus angolensis
Tropicos: Pterocarpus angolensis
West African Plants database: Pterocarpus angolensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pterocarpus angolensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131120, retrieved 29 August 2016

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