Rhynchosia buchananii Harms

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Mostly an erect shrub but sometimes decumbent, scrambling or climbing, 0.6–1.5 m tall or long; stems puberulous with very short hairs and with dense longer yellow sticky glandular hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate. Terminal leaflet oblate to rounded ovate, the laterals obliquely ovate, all 2–6.5 × 1.5–7 cm, more or less appressed pubescent above and with scattered longer tubercular based hairs, shortly pubescent beneath, obscurely gland-dotted; veins distinctly raised and reticulate beneath; petiole 1.5–4 cm long; rhachis 8–15 mm long; stipules triangular-lanceolate, 4 mm long. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, often branched, 4–15 cm long including peduncle up to 5 cm long. Calyx pubescent and with long glandular-based hairs and scattered glands. Standard oblong-obovate, 16–20 mm long, yellow with brown veins, densely pubescent outside. Pods 3–3.5 × 0.8–1 cm, falcate-oblanceolate, c. 3.5 cm long, narrowed at the base with dense tubercular based hairs and shorter pubescence.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Buchanan_(settler).
Habitat: In Brachystegia and mixed miombo woodland, wooded grassland and open grassland, sometimes on termite mounds or granite slopes
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 1525 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Katanga DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 167.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 71.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 185 - 186.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 63.


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Other sources of information about Rhynchosia buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia buchananii
Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia buchananii
African Plant Database: Rhynchosia buchananii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhynchosia buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhynchosia buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhynchosia buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rhynchosia buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia buchananii
Ispot Southern Africa: Rhynchosia buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhynchosia buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia buchananii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Rhynchosia buchananii
Tropicos: Rhynchosia buchananii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhynchosia buchananii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131620, retrieved 20 October 2017

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