Rhynchosia monophylla Schltr.

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Rhynchosia monophylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Bunga Forest

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Synonyms: Rhynchosia monophylla Schltr. var. eylesii Baker f.
Rhynchosia prostrata Suess.
Rhynchosia reptans Suess.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally Common
Status: Native
Description:
Trailing perennial herb growing from a woody rootstock. Stems up to 80 cm, pubescent with longer yellowish glandular hairs on the younger parts. Leaves 1-3 foliolate, 1-foliolate particularly on the flowering stems; leaflets broadly elliptic to ovate, 2-7.5 cm long, lateral leaflets shorter, pubescent on both surfaces, gland-dotted with prominent, often reddish venation below. Flowers solitary or in few-flowered clusters in the axils of 1-foliolate leaves. Standard deep yellow, flushed with red outside and reddish veining inside; wings pinkish-red; keel whitish tinged purple at the tip. Pods oblong to almost squarish, 9-15 mm long, pubescent with net-veining visible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: monophylla: with one leaf (commonly used for species with simple leaves in mainly compound genera)
Habitat: In open grassland and woodland, conspicuously flowering after grass fires.
Altitude range: (metres) 1050 - 1800 m
Flowering time:(Jan-) Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and North-west, Limpopo, Gautemg and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 21 January 2007
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 226.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 209 - 210.


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Other sources of information about Rhynchosia monophylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia monophylla
Flora of Mozambique: Rhynchosia monophylla
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia monophylla

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rhynchosia monophylla
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhynchosia monophylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia monophylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhynchosia monophylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhynchosia monophylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rhynchosia monophylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia monophylla
Ispot Southern Africa : Rhynchosia monophylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia monophylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhynchosia monophylla
Tropicos: Rhynchosia monophylla
West African Plants database: Rhynchosia monophylla


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhynchosia monophylla.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131790, retrieved 27 May 2016

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