Eriosema englerianum Harms

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Eriosema englerianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Eriosema englerianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Eriosema englerianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Eriosema englerianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Christon Bank

Eriosema englerianum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eriosema flemingioides sensu Hiern var. rhodesica L. Bolus
Eriosema hockii De Wild.
Common names: Blue bush (English) Mashona fire bean (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
A many-stemmed perennial, growing from a woody rootstock. The stems die off in winter or are burnt in fires, which stimulates regrowth and flowering. Leaves 3-foliolate, rarely some leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, 4-15 cm long, hairy when young above, hairless when mature, densely silvery-white velvety below. Flowers in dense, elongate heads, which may grow directly from the rootstock (photo right) before the stems develop, or are borne axillary on the stems. Standard orange to golden-yellow inside, striped reddish-brown or purplish outside; keel paler yellow, flushed purple-brown at the tip. Pods oblong-elliptic, c. 2.2 × 1.2 cm, mucronate, densely covered in silky white hairs.
Derivation of specific name: englerianum: named after Dr Prof Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (1844-1930), German Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Berlin, who initiated extensive botanical exploration in Africa.
Habitat: In grassland and open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1650 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 October 2015

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 217 - 218.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 60.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 55, plate 80


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Other sources of information about Eriosema englerianum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eriosema englerianum
Flora of Mozambique: Eriosema englerianum
Flora of Zambia: Eriosema englerianum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Eriosema englerianum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Eriosema englerianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema englerianum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eriosema englerianum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eriosema englerianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Eriosema englerianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema englerianum
Ispot Southern Africa : Eriosema englerianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema englerianum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eriosema englerianum
Tropicos: Eriosema englerianum
West African Plants database: Eriosema englerianum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eriosema englerianum., retrieved 25 October 2016

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