Macrotyloma axillare (E. Mey.) Verdc.
var. axillare

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Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below dam wall, Cleveland Dam

Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below dam wall, Cleveland Dam

Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Below dam wall, Cleveland Dam

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dolichos axillaris E. Mey. var. pubescens E. Mey.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Climbing herb, up to 3.5 m long, with annual stems growing from a perennial rootstock. Stems with rather dense spreading hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate with elliptic to ovate leaflets; lateral leaflets somewhat asymmetric. Flowers axillary in pairs or 4-10-flowered clusters, white to creamy yellow-green, often with a purple blotch at the base of the standard. Pods 3-8 cm, flattened, linear-oblong, pubescent, beaked.
Notes: See var. glabrum for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: axillare: axillary, arising in the leaf axils
Habitat: On sandy soils in grassland and open woodland, sometimes in disturbed and cultivated places.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Africa to Yemen. Also in Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 3 September 2006

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 224.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 182. (Includes a picture).

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 115 - 116.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 69.


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Other sources of information about Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare
Flora of Malawi: Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare
Flora of Mozambique: Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare
Flora of Zambia: Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare

External websites:

African Plant Database: Macrotyloma axillare
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Macrotyloma axillare
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Macrotyloma axillare
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Macrotyloma axillare
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Macrotyloma axillare
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Macrotyloma axillare
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Macrotyloma axillare
Ispot Southern Africa : Macrotyloma axillare
JSTOR Plant Science: Macrotyloma axillare
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Macrotyloma axillare
Tropicos: Macrotyloma axillare
West African Plants database: Macrotyloma axillare

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Macrotyloma axillare var. axillare., retrieved 25 October 2016

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