Monsonia senegalensis Guill. & Perr.

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Monsonia senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

Monsonia senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwali River bridge

Monsonia senegalensis

Photo: Charles Brightman
Kandahar Fishing Camp, Zambezi National Park.

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Common names: Annual dysentery-flower (English) Komba-sokwe (Tonga: Zimbabwe)
Status: Native
Prostrate, decumbent or suberect annual herb, branching from a slightly woody base. Stems up to 40 cm long, densely covered in gland-tipped hairs. Leaves sometimes apparently opposite, ovate, up to c. 4 × 3 cm, cordate at the base; margin toothed. Flowers usually solitary, leaf-opposed or sometimes axillary, pink with darker veins; petals often shallowly lobed at the apex; stamens 15. Fruit, including the erect rostrum, 7-10.5 cm long.
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal
Habitat: In mopane scrub or woodland, mostly in sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Egypt, Ethiopia and Kenya. Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, South Africa. Also in Asia from Arabia to India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 9 May 2008

Mueller, T. (1963). Geraniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 139 - 140.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 76.

Venter, H.J.T. (1979). A Monograph of Monsonia L. (Geraniaceae) Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 79-9 Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands Pages 98 - 105. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Monsonia senegalensis:

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Flora of Botswana: Monsonia senegalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Monsonia senegalensis

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Monsonia senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monsonia senegalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monsonia senegalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monsonia senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Monsonia senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monsonia senegalensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Monsonia senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Monsonia senegalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monsonia senegalensis
Tropicos: Monsonia senegalensis
West African Plants database: Monsonia senegalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Monsonia senegalensis., retrieved 26 October 2016

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