Balanites maughamii Sprague

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Balanites maughamii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique.

Balanites maughamii

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique.

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Synonyms:
Common names: Green-thorn (English) Y-thorned torchwood (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized to tall deciduous tree, large specimens often with a fluted trunk. Branches distinctly zig-zagging, armed with green forked spines. Leaves 2-foliolate; leaflets asymmetrical ovate to almost round, dark grey-green, leathery, velvety when young; margin entire. Flowers in axillary clusters on mostly unarmed branches, c. 2 cm in diameter, yellowish-green; petals densely hairy on the outside. Fruit date-like, grooved along the length, yellowish when ripe, edible and rich in oil.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: maughamii: named after a Mr Maugham who collected the type in southern Mozambique.
Habitat: A species of dry open woodland, riverine fringes, sand forest and around springs and edges of pans.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 23 December 2006
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 256.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 39.


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Other sources of information about Balanites maughamii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Caprivi: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Malawi: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Mozambique: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Zambia: Balanites maughamii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Balanites maughamii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Balanites maughamii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Balanites maughamii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Balanites maughamii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Balanites maughamii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Balanites maughamii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Balanites maughamii
Ispot Southern Africa : Balanites maughamii
JSTOR Plant Science: Balanites maughamii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Balanites maughamii
Tropicos: Balanites maughamii
West African Plants database: Balanites maughamii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Balanites maughamii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=132970, retrieved 27 May 2016

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