Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Harv.

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Zanthoxylum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

Zanthoxylum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

Zanthoxylum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

Zanthoxylum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

Zanthoxylum capense

Photo: Mark Hyde
Harava Dam

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Fagara capensis Thunb.
Fagara magalismontana Engl.
Common names: Chikafusi (Shona) Mudzanganyia (Shona) Mulungwana (Shona) Muritsa (Shona) Small knobwood (English) Umhungwane (Ndebele) Umnungumabele (Ndebele)
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized tree. Bark, greyish, smooth, armed with cone-shaped knobs, tipped with short straight spines. Leaves essentially imparipinnate but terminal leaflet often missing, citrus aromatic when crushed; rhachis grooved on top; leaflets in 4-8 opposite or alternate pairs, ovate to elliptic, up to 4 × 2 cm, basal pair smallest, increasing in size towards the ultimate pair, translucent gland dots present along the crenate-dentate margin. Flowers in short, branched terminal heads, small, greenish-white. Fruit c. 5 mm in diameter, brownish-red, splitting to reveal a shiny black seed.
Derivation of specific name: capense: of the Cape
Habitat: In a variety of mostly dry wooded habitats, often in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jan
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Climber, tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio echeroides chirindanus (Larval foodplant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 March 2008

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248. As Fagara capensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 185 - 187. As Fagara capensis (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 28 - 29. as Fagara capense


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Other sources of information about Zanthoxylum capense:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Zanthoxylum capense
Flora of Mozambique: Zanthoxylum capense

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zanthoxylum capense
African Plant Database: Zanthoxylum capense
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Zanthoxylum capense
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zanthoxylum capense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zanthoxylum capense
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Zanthoxylum capense
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Zanthoxylum capense
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zanthoxylum capense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Zanthoxylum capense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zanthoxylum capense
Ispot Southern Africa: Zanthoxylum capense
JSTOR Plant Science: Zanthoxylum capense
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Zanthoxylum capense
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zanthoxylum capense
The Plant List (version 1.1): Zanthoxylum capense
Tropicos: Zanthoxylum capense

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Zanthoxylum capense., retrieved 21 January 2018

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