Calodendrum capense (L.f.) Thunb.

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Calodendrum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

Calodendrum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

Calodendrum capense

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp site

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dictamnus capensis L.f.
Common names: Cape chestnut (English) Umbaba (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small to large tree. Younger branches armed with robust spines up to 2 cm long. Leaves simple, opposite, more or less broadly elliptic, up to 22 cm long, hairless when mature, translucent gland-dots present, aromatic when crushed, margin entire and wavy. Flowers in dense axillary heads, large and showy; petals narrowly oblanceolate, pale to deep pink, darker purple at the base; staminodes longer than the petals, dotted with crimson glands. Fruit a 5-lobed capsule up to 3.5 cm in diameter, covered in tubercles, yellow-green when young to brown and woody when ripe, dehiscing from the base, valves remaining connected to the stalk at the apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: capense: of the Cape
Habitat: In montane and riverine forest and densely wooded ravines.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa as far as the Western Cape.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 March 2008
Literature:

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 396 - 398. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 181 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 28.


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Other sources of information about Calodendrum capense:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Calodendrum capense
Flora of Mozambique: Calodendrum capense
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Calodendrum capense

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Calodendrum capense
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Calodendrum capense
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Calodendrum capense
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Calodendrum capense
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Calodendrum capense
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Calodendrum capense
Ispot Southern Africa : Calodendrum capense
JSTOR Plant Science: Calodendrum capense
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Calodendrum capense
Tropicos: Calodendrum capense
West African Plants database: Calodendrum capense


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Calodendrum capense.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133080, retrieved 9 December 2016

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