Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.[Agg]

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Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West, by rd from Mutare to Birchenough Bridge

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Shashe Wilderness Camp, Shashe River

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

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Synonyms: Commiphora pilosa (Engl.) Engl.
Common names: Iminyela (Ndebele) Mbwabwa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Mubvuka (Shona) Muchabobo (Shona) Mugugudo (Hlengwe) Mugugudu (Shona) Mukwendekwende (Shona) Munyera (Shona) Poison-grub commiphora (English) Poison-grub corkwood (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark grey-green, flaking, exuding pale gum where damaged. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate, terminal leaflet at least twice the size of lateral leaflets, covered in fine velvety hairs on both surfaces; margin scalloped. Flowers small, in axillary clusters, reddish green. Fruit almost spherical, red when ripe.
Notes: Notes:
(a) two varieties have been recorded: var. africana (NWCES) and var. rubriflora (Engl.) Wild (also NWCES).
(b) C. africana is similar to Commiphora schimperi which has hairless, glossy leaflets.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In dry bush and woodland, often in rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) 580 - 1490 m
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia and northern South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 30 March 2008

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 58 - 60. as Commiphora pilosa (Includes a picture).

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 59.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 31. as Commiphora pilosa


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Other sources of information about Commiphora africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora africana
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Commiphora africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Commiphora africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commiphora africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Commiphora africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora africana
Tropicos: Commiphora africana
West African Plants database: Commiphora africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commiphora africana., retrieved 7 December 2016

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