Commiphora edulis (Klotzsch) Engl.
subsp. edulis

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Synonyms: Commiphora chlorocarpa Engl.
Common names: Butyagela (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Jefu-jefu (Hlengwe) Muchororo (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Mumwatikatiki (Shona) Rough-leaved corkwood (English)
Status: Native
Multi-stemmed shrub or small deciduous unarmed tree. Bark smooth pale grey, peeling in small pieces to reveal green under layer. Leaves, imparipinnate with 2-6 pairs of leaflets and a larger terminal leaflet; leaflets elliptic-oblong, up to 7 cm long, grey-green with stiff bristly hairs; margins entire or finely crenulate. Flowers small, yellow in axillary branched heads. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 2 cm long, pubescent, apricot-coloured when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: edulis: edible
Habitat: Occurring in hot, dry woodland and thickets, often on rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 277.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249. As Commiphora edulis

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 224. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 42.

Wild, H. (1963). Burseraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 279. As Commiphora edulis (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Caprivi: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Malawi: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Commiphora edulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora edulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora edulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora edulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commiphora edulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora edulis
Ispot Southern Africa : Commiphora edulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora edulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora edulis
Tropicos: Commiphora edulis
West African Plants database: Commiphora edulis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commiphora edulis subsp. edulis., retrieved 22 October 2016

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