Commiphora mollis (Oliv.) Engl.

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Commiphora mollis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Commiphora mollis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Commiphora mollis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Commiphora mollis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Fort Usher road, Matobo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Balsamodendrum molle Oliv.
Commiphora welwitschii Engl.
Common names: Chifata (Hlengwe) Gohuti (Hlengwe) Iminyela (Ndebele) Muchamwa (Shona) Mugompe (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Mugumbati (Shona) Mukuhunu (Shona) Muwawa (Shona) Soft-leaved commiphora (English) Velvet-leaved corkwood (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized unarmed tree. Bark grey to brown, smooth or flaking in rather thick discs; watery to milky sap present; older trees often fluted. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate with 2-6 pairs leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets elliptic, up to 6 × 3 cm, lower pairs often smaller, greyish-green, shortly hairy, paler and more densely hairy below; margin entire. Flowers in small axillary clusters, yellowish to pinkish, appearing before or with the new leaves. Fruit almost round, c. 1 cm in diameter, red when ripe, densely hairy, splitting to reveal a black seed with a 4-lobed bright red pseudo-aril.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: mollis: soft
Habitat: In hot and dry woodland, often on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, DRC, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and northern South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Palasea albimacula (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 8 April 2015
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 435.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 288 - 289. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 37.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 246 - 247. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 42.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 38.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 31. as Commiphora sp. nr. mollis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 63.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 448 - 449. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 522 - 523. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1963). Burseraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 272 - 273. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Commiphora mollis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora mollis
Flora of Caprivi: Commiphora mollis
Flora of Malawi: Commiphora mollis
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora mollis
Flora of Zambia: Commiphora mollis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Commiphora mollis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Commiphora mollis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora mollis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora mollis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora mollis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commiphora mollis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora mollis
Ispot Southern Africa : Commiphora mollis
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora mollis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora mollis
Tropicos: Commiphora mollis
West African Plants database: Commiphora mollis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commiphora mollis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133340, retrieved 29 July 2016

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