Commiphora pyracanthoides Engl.
subsp. pyracanthoides

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Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Crocodile Farm, Kariba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Commiphora pyracanthoides Engl. subsp. pyracanthoides
Common names: Firethorn corkwood (English) Mubwabwa (Shona) Mukwendekwende (Shona) Munyera (Shona)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a low spreading much-branched shrub, up to 3 m tall, often forming thickets, rarely a small tree. Bark grey to yellowish-green, flaking in small papery, cream-coloured pieces; short lateral branchlets spine-tipped. Leaves clustered, subsessile, 1-foliolate, sometimes 3-foliolate with much reduced lateral leaflets; lamina obovate, up to 5.5 × 3.2 cm, hairless but sometimes with scattered glands near the base of the midrib; margin toothed. Flowers small, bell-shaped, reddish, in subsessile clusters on the spine-tipped branchlets, appearing before the leaves. Fruit broadly ellipsoid, pointed, c. 1 cm long, hairless. Seeds black with a 3-4-armed red pseudaril.

Note: This species is generally similar to C. glandulosa differing mainly in the general shrub-like habit and the hairless calyx. Some 3-foliolate leaves, mostly with very reduced lateral leaflets, are usually present, while in C. glandulosa these are very rare.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: pyracanthoides: resembling a Pyracantha sp. (Rosaceae)
Habitat: Occurring in dry deciduous open woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Limpopo, North-West and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m, shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 21 January 2010
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 42.

Wild, H. (1963). Burseraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 268.


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Other sources of information about Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Commiphora pyracanthoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora pyracanthoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora pyracanthoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora pyracanthoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commiphora pyracanthoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora pyracanthoides
Ispot Southern Africa : Commiphora pyracanthoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora pyracanthoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora pyracanthoides
Tropicos: Commiphora pyracanthoides
West African Plants database: Commiphora pyracanthoides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commiphora pyracanthoides subsp. pyracanthoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133370, retrieved 3 December 2016

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