Entandrophragma caudatum (Sprague) Sprague

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Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On Emadwaleni, Maleme, Matobo National Park

Entandrophragma caudatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
On path to campsite, Sinamatella, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Entandrophragma utile sensu Gomes & Sousa
Pseudocedrela caudata Sprague
Common names: Umsikili (Ndebele) Wooden banana (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Large deciduous tree. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, imparipinnate with 5-8 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet with a distinct narrow drip-tip. Flowers greenish and inconspicuous, produced in sparse panicles among the leaves. Fruit a woody capsule, up to 15 cm long, splitting into 5 valves, which curve back showing the winged seeds attached to a central column.
Derivation of specific name: caudatum: having a tail (caudum), referring to the long acumen of the leaflet.
Habitat: On rocky hillsides, in open woodland and low-lying river valleys.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Southern Zambia and Malawi, to Mozambique, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, Zimbabwe and Botswana.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 29 January 2006

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 218 - 221. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 313.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 84.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 262 - 263. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Pages 149 - 150.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 180.

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 290 - 291. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Entandrophragma caudatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Caprivi: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Malawi: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Mozambique: Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora of Zambia: Entandrophragma caudatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Entandrophragma caudatum
African Plant Database: Entandrophragma caudatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Entandrophragma caudatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Entandrophragma caudatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Entandrophragma caudatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Entandrophragma caudatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Entandrophragma caudatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Entandrophragma caudatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Entandrophragma caudatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Entandrophragma caudatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Entandrophragma caudatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Entandrophragma caudatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Entandrophragma caudatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Entandrophragma caudatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Entandrophragma caudatum
Tropicos: Entandrophragma caudatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Entandrophragma caudatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133450, retrieved 29 March 2017

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