Turraea nilotica Kotschy & Peyr.

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Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner Farm, nr Arcturus

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Rob Burrett

Turraea nilotica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Turraea randii Baker f.
Turraea tubulifera C. DC.
Common names: Bushveld honeysuckle-tree (English) Chipindura (Shona) Chirambagavakava (Shona) Chitsvimbovarisa (Shona) Chitunguru (Shona) Isidlamvundala (Ndebele) Miombo honeysuckle-tree (English) Mudyakuwe (Shona) Mukondanyoka (Shona) Muzaramhanga (Shona) Small mahogany (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Leaves elliptic, entire, up to 10 × 16 cm, densely velvety hairy, particularly on the under surface. Flowers with a distinct staminal tube, greenish-white, turning yellow with age, appearing before the leaves in dense clusters on the young branches. Fruit a near-spherical, thinly woody capsule. See T. zambesica, which is confined to the Zambesi Valley. It can be distinguished by the smaller leaves being nearly glabrous.
Notes: In leaf it superficially resembles Vangueria infausta, another common species with which it frequently grows, but T. nilotica differs from that species in having alternate leaves.
Derivation of specific name: nilotica: from the valley of the Nile
Habitat: In miombo woodland, wooded grassland and on termite mounds
Altitude range: (metres) 990 - 1570 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: From Sudan and East Africa southwards to northern South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pseudaphelia apollinaris (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 October 2015

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 231 - 234. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 104 - 105. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 34.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 122.


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Other sources of information about Turraea nilotica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Malawi: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Mozambique: Turraea nilotica
Flora of Zambia: Turraea nilotica

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Turraea nilotica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Turraea nilotica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Turraea nilotica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Turraea nilotica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Turraea nilotica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Turraea nilotica
Ispot Southern Africa : Turraea nilotica
JSTOR Plant Science: Turraea nilotica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Turraea nilotica
Tropicos: Turraea nilotica
West African Plants database: Turraea nilotica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Turraea nilotica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133490, retrieved 24 May 2016

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