Melia azedarach L.

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Melia azedarach

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Melia azedarach

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Melia azedarach

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunker's Hill, Harare

Melia azedarach

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Melia azedarach

Photo: Bart Wursten
Harry Pichanick Drive, Alexandra Park, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Persian lilac (English) Syringa (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Introduced
Description:
Medium sized, fast growing tree. The leaves are bipinnately compound with serrated margins on the ovate leaflets. The sweetly scented flowers are borne in large many flowered, axillary inflorescences with pale lilac petals and a dark purple staminal tube. Fruits fleshy and yellowish when ripe, persisting in a wrinkled state on the tree for a long time. The seeds are poisonous.
Notes: Commonly planted in gardens and as a street tree. It has become widely naturalised in southern Africa and is an invasive pest in some areas.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Disturbed ground, woodland and riverine vegetation
Altitude range: (metres) 1210 - 1540 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Native to India but naturalised elsewhere
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 4 September 2006
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 451.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 38 - 39. (Includes a picture).

White, F. & Styles, B.T. (1963). Meliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 315.


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Other sources of information about Melia azedarach:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Melia azedarach
Flora of Malawi: Melia azedarach
Flora of Mozambique: Melia azedarach
Flora of Zambia: Melia azedarach
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Melia azedarach

External websites:

African Plant Database: Melia azedarach
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Melia azedarach
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melia azedarach
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Melia azedarach
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Melia azedarach
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Melia azedarach
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melia azedarach
Ispot Southern Africa : Melia azedarach
JSTOR Plant Science: Melia azedarach
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Melia azedarach
Tropicos: Melia azedarach
West African Plants database: Melia azedarach


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Melia azedarach.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133520, retrieved 28 August 2016

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