Sphedamnocarpus pruriens (A. Juss.) Szyszyl.
var. pruriens

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Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Pokoteke Gorge, near Masvingo

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acridocarpus pruriens A. Juss.
Common names: Canary nettle (English) Lesser moth-fruit creeper (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Herbaceous or woody twiner or scrambler, sometimes trailing. Young stems densely silvery-grey or yellowish hairy, nearly hairless when older. Leaves opposite, 3.5 11 cm long, variable from ovat-oblong to almost circular, greyish or yellowish hairy beneath almost hairless above; margin entire; petiole mostly 0.8-2.5 cm long, channeled above, with 2 glands in the upper half. Stipules 2-4 mm long, obovate but mostly absent. Flowers 2-2.5 cm in diameter, yellow, in 2-6-flowered umbels. Fruit a samara, wings up to 2 × 1.5 cm, hairy to almost hairless.
Notes: The hairs on the lower leafsurface are irritant and cause itching on the skin.
See S. angolensis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: pruriens: causing itching
Habitat: Open woodland, grassland or on forest floors.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jan - May
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northwest, Northern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Coeliades forestan forestan (Food plant)
Graphium angolanus angolanus (Food plant)
Coeliades pisistratus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 10 March 2012
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 98. As Sphedamnocarpus pruriens (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 195. (Includes a picture).

Launert, E. (1963). Malpighiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 122 - 123. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 67, plate 93

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 83.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 59.


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Other sources of information about Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens
Flora of Malawi: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens
Flora of Mozambique: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
Ispot Southern Africa : Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
JSTOR Plant Science: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
Tropicos: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens
West African Plants database: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sphedamnocarpus pruriens var. pruriens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133640, retrieved 25 August 2016

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