Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen.

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Securidaca longepedunculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Osborne Dam

Securidaca longepedunculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Osborne Dam

Securidaca longepedunculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Securidaca longepedunculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lophostylis pallida Klotzsch
Common names: Chipvufanana (Shona) Mufufu (Shona) Munyapunyapu (Shona) Munyazvirombo (Shona) Mutangeni (Shona) Umfufu (Ndebele) Violet tree (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, oblong to narrowly elliptic, grey-green, margins entire. Flowers in terminal and axillary sprays on long stalks, pink and purple. The flowers are borne in great profusion when the leaves are still small, making a spectacular display. Fruit a small nut, bearing a single membranous wing.
Notes: The spelling of the species name, namely whether it should be longepedunculata or longipedunculata, appears to be controversial. Both names are in use by reputable publications. We understand that in the original publication, Mus. Senckenberg. ii. (1837) 275, Fresenius used the spelling longepedunculata and we have accordingly adopted that spelling on the website. We are grateful to Mrs Meg Coates Palgrave for drawing this to our attention.
Derivation of specific name: longepedunculata: with a long inflorescence stalk (peduncle)
Habitat: In various types of woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, southward to N South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 20 December 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 227. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 346 - 351. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 314 - 315. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 95.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 250.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 108 - 109. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1960). Polygalaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 305 - 306. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 218 - 219. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 262 - 263. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 93.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 136 - 137. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 34.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 154.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 221.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 210 - 211. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Securidaca longepedunculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Caprivi: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Malawi: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Mozambique: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Zambia: Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Securidaca longepedunculata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Securidaca longepedunculata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Securidaca longepedunculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Securidaca longepedunculata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Securidaca longepedunculata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Securidaca longepedunculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Securidaca longepedunculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Securidaca longepedunculata
Ispot Southern Africa : Securidaca longepedunculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Securidaca longepedunculata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Securidaca longepedunculata
Tropicos: Securidaca longepedunculata
West African Plants database: Securidaca longepedunculata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Securidaca longepedunculata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133960, retrieved 26 September 2016

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