Margaritaria discoidea (Baill.) G.L. Webster
var. nitida (Pax) Radcl.-Sm.

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Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rimiti West

Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank; rocky hill

Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank, rocky hill

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Phyllanthus discoideus (Baill.) Müll. Arg.
Common names: Bushveld peacock-berry (English) Common pheasant-berry (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Very variable shrub or tree (see note below). Leaves thinly textured, bright green, ovate, elliptic to obovate, often very small but as large as 10 to 13 cm in forest specimens. Flowers green, unisexual, sexes on different trees. Male flowers numerous in axillary clusters; female flowers in axillary pairs. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, pale green when ripe.
Notes: This species occurs in a wide variety of habitats and varies greatly in shape and size, according to where it grows. In wooded grassland and woodland it is usually a shrub or small tree; in evergreen forest it may become a medium to large tree.
Click here for photos and information on a distinct and unusual growth form.
Derivation of specific name: discoidea: disc-like;
nitida: glossy, shining
Habitat: In wooded grassland and woodland, less often in evergreen forest
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 24 March 2006
Literature:

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 319.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251. As Phyllanthus discoideus

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 32 - 35. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 88.


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Other sources of information about Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida
Flora of Caprivi: Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida
Flora of Malawi: Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida
Flora of Mozambique: Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida
Flora of Zambia: Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida

External websites:

African Plant Database: Margaritaria discoidea
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Margaritaria discoidea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Margaritaria discoidea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Margaritaria discoidea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Margaritaria discoidea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Margaritaria discoidea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Margaritaria discoidea
Ispot Southern Africa : Margaritaria discoidea
JSTOR Plant Science: Margaritaria discoidea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Margaritaria discoidea
Tropicos: Margaritaria discoidea
West African Plants database: Margaritaria discoidea


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134450, retrieved 26 September 2016

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