Drypetes gerrardii Hutch.
var. gerrardii

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Synonyms: Drypetes battiscombei Hutch.
Common names: Forest ironplum (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small to medium-sized evergreen tree. Bark smooth, stems fluted and buttressed in large specimens; young branches squarish, covered in golden hairs. Leaves alternate, horizontally in one plane along the branches, elliptic to ovate, 4-15 cm long, dark glossy green above, paler below with dense woolly hairs near the base of the midrib and on the petiole; apex tapering to a long slender driptip; base asymmetric; margin with widely spaced teeth or sometimes entire. Flowers unisexual on different trees, small, yellow; male flowers in small axillary clusters, female flowers solitary. Fruits sub-spherical, fleshy, 1.5 cm, softly hairy, yellow to orange-red when ripe.
Notes: See Drypetes reticulata for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: gerrardii: named after William Gerrard, who collected plants in South Africa in 1860.
Habitat: In the understorey of submontane evergreen forest, sometimes in woodland and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 780 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Sep -Nov
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Limpopo, Mpumalanga KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Coeliades libeon (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 144. as Drypetes gerrardii (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 478.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251. As Drypetes gerrardii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 48.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 91 - 92.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 276 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 86.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 190 - 191. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 250 - 251. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Drypetes gerrardii var. gerrardii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Drypetes gerrardii var. gerrardii
Flora of Mozambique: Drypetes gerrardii var. gerrardii
Flora of Zambia: Drypetes gerrardii var. gerrardii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Drypetes gerrardii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Drypetes gerrardii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Drypetes gerrardii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Drypetes gerrardii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Drypetes gerrardii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Drypetes gerrardii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Drypetes gerrardii
Ispot Southern Africa : Drypetes gerrardii
JSTOR Plant Science: Drypetes gerrardii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Drypetes gerrardii
Tropicos: Drypetes gerrardii
West African Plants database: Drypetes gerrardii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Drypetes gerrardii var. gerrardii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134470, retrieved 25 September 2016

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