Hymenocardia acida Tul.
var. acida

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Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique.

Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique.

Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique.

Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique.

Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Carpodiptera minor Sim
Hymenocardia mollis Pax var. glabra Pax
Common names: Large red-heart (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark smooth, light brown to grey, flaking to reveal a powdery rufous-brown underbark. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly rounded or notched at the apex, dark green above, brown hairy only when young, paler below, densely covered with golden gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under. Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, reddish in catkin-like spikes up to 6 cm long; female flowers solitary, green with long velvety red, forked styles. Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless. See var. mollis (Pax) Radcl.-Sm. for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In miombo and other deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1740 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: More or less throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Angola, central Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 29 January 2009

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251. As Hymenocardia acida

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 116 - 117.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 58 - 59. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 87.


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Other sources of information about Hymenocardia acida var. acida:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hymenocardia acida var. acida
Flora of Malawi: Hymenocardia acida var. acida
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenocardia acida var. acida
Flora of Zambia: Hymenocardia acida var. acida

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenocardia acida
African Plant Database: Hymenocardia acida
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenocardia acida
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenocardia acida
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenocardia acida
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenocardia acida
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenocardia acida
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenocardia acida
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenocardia acida
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenocardia acida
Ispot Southern Africa: Hymenocardia acida
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenocardia acida
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenocardia acida
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenocardia acida
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hymenocardia acida
Tropicos: Hymenocardia acida

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia acida var. acida.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134510, retrieved 19 December 2017

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