Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.

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Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Sofala, Mozambique.

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hymenocardia capensis Hutch.
Common names: Small red-heart (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a small tree to medium-sized tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly tapering, bright or dark green above, paler below with a few scattered gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under; petiole reddish. Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, pinkish in small catkin-like spikes; female flowers solitary, green. Fruit sub-orbicular or heart-shaped, flat, almost completely surrounded by a wing, emarginate at the apex, rose-red, streaked with yellow or green.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ulmoides: resembling an Elm tree (Ulmus sp).
Habitat: In sandy soils, riverine fringes, coastal forest, high rainfall woodland, on rocky outcrops and in forested gullies.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; widespread in central and southern Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 29 January 2009
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Hymenocardia ulmoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Zambia: Hymenocardia ulmoides

External websites:

African Plant Database: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenocardia ulmoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenocardia ulmoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hymenocardia ulmoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Ispot Southern Africa : Hymenocardia ulmoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Tropicos: Hymenocardia ulmoides
West African Plants database: Hymenocardia ulmoides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia ulmoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134530, retrieved 29 August 2016

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