Antidesma venosum E. Mey. ex Tul.

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Antidesma venosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tessa's Pool, Chimanimani

Antidesma venosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tessa's Pool, Chimanimani

Antidesma venosum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamkombe River bridge, road to Katiyo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Antidesma bifrons Tul.
Antidesma biovinianum Baill.
Common names: Tassel berry (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves alternate, oblong to elliptic, leathery; veins sunken above, prominent below with hairs on the veins on both surfaces. Flowers in long catkin-like spikes, up to 8 cm; sexes on separate trees, male flowers yellow, female flowers reddish, unpleasantly scented. The flowers are often parasitised by insects to form a tangled mass of sterile galls. Fruits in pendulous spikes of small fleshy berries, red to purple-black when ripe, edible.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: venosum: veined, referring to the prominent veins
Habitat: In riverine vegetation, woodland and wooded grassland, on rocky outcrops and along forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1830 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Subsaharan Africa as far as Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 11 April 2012
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 482 - 483. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 323. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 55.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 220 - 221. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 47.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae FZ 9(4) Pages 105 - 107.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, S Africa Pages 266 - 267. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Antidesma venosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Antidesma venosum
Flora of Zambia: Antidesma venosum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Antidesma venosum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Antidesma venosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Antidesma venosum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Antidesma venosum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Antidesma venosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Antidesma venosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Antidesma venosum
Ispot Southern Africa : Antidesma venosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Antidesma venosum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Antidesma venosum
Tropicos: Antidesma venosum
West African Plants database: Antidesma venosum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Antidesma venosum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134560, retrieved 23 October 2014

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